According to Ayurveda, the skin is one of the essential sense organs. Vata and bhrajaka pitta reside in the skin (called twak in Sanskrit). As the skin covers the whole body, bhrajaka pitta should be maintained in a proper state, and it needs continuous care. An imbalance in Vata and bhrajaka pitta may cause skin diseases.
Vitiligo or Leucoderma is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed leading to white skin and white spots. As a result, white spots appear on the skin in different parts of the body. Similar patches also appear on both the mucous membranes (tissues that line the inside of the mouth and nose), and the retina (inner layer of the eyeball).
Pitta is of five types. One of them is Bhrajak Pitta, which gives coloration to the skin. In the case of Vitiligo, Bhrajak Pitta gets imbalanced, leading to the formation of ama, which consequently impairs deeper body tissues such as rasa dhatu (nutrient plasma), rakta (blood), mamsa (muscles) and lasika (lymph). This ultimately causes depigmentation of the skin.
The disease is deep rooted and needs specific treatment that include right diet and specialized herbal combinations to pacify Pitta and cleanse ama from the body, thereby treating the white spots and white skin.
Vitiligo (leukoderma) is a pigmentation disorder with complex causes. Depigmented patches appear on the skin, hair, mucous membranes and the retina. It can begin at any age, but in about 50% of the patients, it starts before the age of 20. The emergence of white patches can be brought on by a variety of impulses. Many people report that their vitiligo first appeared following a stressful event, such as an accident, job loss, death of a family member, severe sunburn, or serious illness. It is sometimes associated with and is secondary to hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, and pernicious anemia.
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